P - Word List

paat

English: a river fish
Bahasa Malaysia: ikan sungai


pad

English: to fall
Bahasa Malaysia: jatuh


pad lala'

English: falling head over heels
Bahasa Malaysia: jatuh terus


paguh

English: good
Bahasa Malaysia: bagus


pait

English: to dispatch
Bahasa Malaysia: kirim


pakit

English: thrifty
Bahasa Malaysia: berjimat-cermat


pali'

English: to turn back, to return
Bahasa Malaysia: kembali


paman

English: to be swept away
Bahasa Malaysia: hanyut


pandank

English: a Bidayuh delicacy
Bahasa Malaysia: makanan orang Bidayuh


pandink

English: a cheek
Bahasa Malaysia: pipi


Panglima Kulow

English: a Bidayuh leader - He was also known as Orang Kaya Pemancha Panglima Kulow during the Rajah Brooke administration. He lived in a Bidayuh settlement called Bung Bratak, one of the first Bidayuh villages in Bau in the early 1800's. He became famous when he helped rescued his people after they were kidnapped by raiding parties who came to steal and pillage the village of Bung Bratak. On May 1st every year, when the Bidayuh people and their friends come from all over to pay homage to Bung Bratak, they will also remember Panglima Kulow.


Panglima Sabo

English: a legendary Bidayuh figure - This man had 12 children but all of them were females. The other villagers were not too happy with them because only Sabo could help the community in communal work like planting padi, hunting and fishing as these jobs required males. However, due to his numerous children, he often got the biggest share of the catch. After some time, the villagers conspired and managed to chase Sabo and his family away to live by themselves on the Sibogu’ mountain. One day, the enemies came to attack the village but the villagers persuaded them to attack the Sabo family instead. They told the enemies that there were plenty of women for them to steal up on Sibogu' mountain. However, a kind relative told Sabo about this and warned him that the enemies were coming after them. Sabo prepared for battle by sharpening many bamboo poles into stakes that he stuck in the ground covered with fallen leaves as booby traps near the enemies camp. While the enemies were still sleeping, he surprised them with shouts and a lot of noise which the enemies thought were reinforcement coming to fight them off. They all ran helter-skelter in all directions escaping from unseen attackers. As a result, all of them died after having fallen onto the bamboo stakes that Sabo had planted earlier. The next day, Sabo then tricked the villagers into paying a visit to his house by sending a message that he was injured. When the villagers arrived, they saw the many heads that Sabo had collected from the fallen enemies. From that day on wards, he was called Panglima Sabo for his craftiness in defeating the enemies.
Bahasa Malaysia: Dlagenda Bidayuh Panglina Sabo


Panglima Sikupit

English: Sikupit the Warrior - This was a legendary Bidayuh warrior named Panglima Sikupit who used to live on the Sipingient mountain settlement. He was reported to have magical powers that made him very strong and invisible to enemies' eyes. He was also said to have left his heel mark on a rock called Batuh Sinja halfway up the Sipingient Mountain. Legend has it that Panglima Sikupit fought enemies on the rock alongside another very strong warrior named Sipangam. In the story, Sikupit jumped from the side of the mountain onto the Sinja Rock as soon as he heard sounds of approaching enemies. He landed on the rock so hard that his heel dug a hole into it. Using the huge boulder as his defensive position, he bombarded his enemies down the mountain side with pieces of rocks that he cut from the rock surface. That is why today you can see a hole that resembles a heel mark on one side of the rock facing downhill as well as cut marks at the top where it is claimed that Panglima Sikupit sharpened his machete to cut the rock into projectiles.
Bahasa Malaysia: Panglima Sikupit


Panglima Sipangam

English: a Bidayuh warrior from Krokong - He fought side by side with the legendary Panglima Sikupit to defend the early Krokong settlement there against marauding enemies. He did not possess any magical powers but he was claimed to have great physical strength to defeat his enemies.
Bahasa Malaysia: Panglima Sipangam


paos

English: a mahseer
Bahasa Malaysia: kelah


papi

English: a shoulder
Bahasa Malaysia: bahu


paput

English: blocked
Bahasa Malaysia: tertutup


parak pariek

English: scattered all over the place
Bahasa Malaysia: berselerak di merata rata tempat


pariet

English: a fish
Bahasa Malaysia: sejenis ikan


parua

English: a giant snakeheaf
Bahasa Malaysia: haruan tasik


pas

English: a squirrel
Bahasa Malaysia: tupai


pas baai

English: a squirrel species
Bahasa Malaysia: sejenis tupai


pas pas

English: knock on wood
Bahasa Malaysia: jauhi dari malapetaka


pas pora'

English: a banded squirrel
Bahasa Malaysia: tupai berjalur


pasak

English: a nail
Bahasa Malaysia: paku


pasil

English: sand
Bahasa Malaysia: pasir


pasu

English: a measuring basket used for barter trading - The pasu is the smallest basket followed by the prasank, the gatank and the ombunk which is the biggest measure.
Bahasa Malaysia: bakul kecil


pat

English: four
Bahasa Malaysia: empat


patek

English: a slingshot
Bahasa Malaysia: latik


paunk

English: a sour fruit
Bahasa Malaysia: buah yang masam


pawad

English: a kitchen platform
Bahasa Malaysia: pelantar dapur


paya'

English: mud
Bahasa Malaysia: paya


pepeh

English: flattened
Bahasa Malaysia: diratakan


pi'int

English: water
Bahasa Malaysia: air


pi'int botont

English: tears
Bahasa Malaysia: air mata


pi'int manah

English: plain water
Bahasa Malaysia: air tawar


pibula'

English: a liar
Bahasa Malaysia: menipu


pidie'

English: salty
Bahasa Malaysia: masin


pidie’ ngakag

English: very salty
Bahasa Malaysia: sangat masin


piduut

English: to beat
Bahasa Malaysia: memukul


piet

English: to fold
Bahasa Malaysia: lipat


piit

English: a sparrow
Bahasa Malaysia: pipit


pijaant

English: a window
Bahasa Malaysia: tingkap


Pijiru

English: Pejiru
Bahasa Malaysia: Pekan Pejiru


pijobat

English: a drum
Bahasa Malaysia: gendang


pijora'

English: to punish
Bahasa Malaysia: menghukum


pilabu'

English: to drop
Bahasa Malaysia: jatuhkan


pilai natuog

English: starving
Bahasa Malaysia: kebuluran


piliye'

English: to split
Bahasa Malaysia: belah


piloju

English: a tree
Bahasa Malaysia: sejenis pokok


pilonduk

English: a mouse deer
Bahasa Malaysia: pelanduk


pilongan

English: a thorny plant common in Borneo secondary forest - The shoots can be eaten and the leaves used as an ingredient in meat fermentation process.
Bahasa Malaysia: akar berduri


pimoh

English: a dream
Bahasa Malaysia: mimpi


pimuluoh

English: a crop
Bahasa Malaysia: tanaman


pimupuh

English: a scoffer
Bahasa Malaysia: penghina


pinandak

English: relatives' children
Bahasa Malaysia: anak buah


pinggient

English: a plate
Bahasa Malaysia: pinggan


pinguman

English: a food
Bahasa Malaysia: makanan


pingundai

English: an action
Bahasa Malaysia: perbuatan


pinoru

English: a coward
Bahasa Malaysia: penakut


pinosuo

English: a person who uses resources wastefully
Bahasa Malaysia: pembazir


pinyinggot

English: a wasp
Bahasa Malaysia: penyengat


pirai

English: hungry
Bahasa Malaysia: lapar


pirokis

English: a boil (skin disease)
Bahasa Malaysia: bisul


pirubuh

English: to destroy
Bahasa Malaysia: meroboh


pirunggank

English: a mosquito
Bahasa Malaysia: nyamuk


pisa’

English: a small thin bamboo called schizostachyum zollingeri - Its small size but with a sturdy stem that can reach to more than 3 meters makes it an ideal fishing pole for the Bidayuh angler. Like other bamboo species, it is useful to Bidayuhs in many other ways.
Bahasa Malaysia: buluh telor


pisod

English: a navel
Bahasa Malaysia: pusat


pisoh

English: to share with everyone - This form of sharing is common back in the old days where the village is relatively small. For example, after a successful hunting trip, the hunter usually cut small portion of what he has caught and distribute it for free to all the other villagers so that everyone could enjoy a little taste of his successful hunt.
Bahasa Malaysia: kongsi-kongsikan sedikit sebagai pemberian ikhlas supaya dapa merasa bersama-sama


pisok

English: dried
Bahasa Malaysia: kering


pisonk

English: abundantly fruitful
Bahasa Malaysia: buah yang lebat


pitak

English: a paddy storage container
Bahasa Malaysia: petak padi


piyuo’

English: dented
Bahasa Malaysia: kemek


pli'i

English: nine
Bahasa Malaysia: sembilan


po'

English: to place a bet
Bahasa Malaysia: pertaruhkan


po'it

English: bitter
Bahasa Malaysia: pahit


po'it podamp

English: very bitter
Bahasa Malaysia: sangat pahit


po'it podier

English: very bitter
Bahasa Malaysia: sangat pahit


po'ont

English: a leg, a foot
Bahasa Malaysia: kaki


po'ot

English: a chisel
Bahasa Malaysia: pahat


podi

English: paddy
Bahasa Malaysia: padi


podo

English: maybe
Bahasa Malaysia: barangkali


pogank

English: sweet rice in bamboo - Unlike limang or tiboduk, this sweet rice is cooked in bamboo without banana leaves lining. It is traditionally for ceremonial purposes.
Bahasa Malaysia: sejenis lemang dimasak tanpa daun pisang


pogant

English: a call
Bahasa Malaysia: panggilan


pokuh

English: a fern
Bahasa Malaysia: paku pakis


pokuh kubuk

English: a type of edible fern
Bahasa Malaysia: paku uban


polih

English: a taboo
Bahasa Malaysia: pantang


pongu

English: an insect that secretes a pungent odour when disturbed
Bahasa Malaysia: jenis serangga yang menggunakan bau sebagai pertahanan diri


ponu mowah

English: to go on tour
Bahasa Malaysia: melawat


ponyu'

English: a sea turtle
Bahasa Malaysia: penyu


poo'

English: to touch
Bahasa Malaysia: raba


popah

English: fertile
Bahasa Malaysia: subur


popah paont

English: very fertile indeed
Bahasa Malaysia: beranak pinak


popak

English: a snakehead fish
Bahasa Malaysia: haruan


porad

English: the other side
Bahasa Malaysia: di seberang


poras

English: spicy
Bahasa Malaysia: pedas


poras podas

English: very spicy hot
Bahasa Malaysia: sangat pedas


posant

English: to let go
Bahasa Malaysia: melepas


posih ijant

English: a drizzle
Bahasa Malaysia: hujan renyai-renyai


posik

English: splatter
Bahasa Malaysia: percik


posik polai

English: scattered all over
Bahasa Malaysia: bertaburan


posut

English: a whack
Bahasa Malaysia: pukulan


pota'

English: broken
Bahasa Malaysia: patah


potah

English: a stink bean
Bahasa Malaysia: petai


poti

English: a chest for storage
Bahasa Malaysia: peti


poti'

English: a sting
Bahasa Malaysia: sengat


potod

English: broken
Bahasa Malaysia: putus


potok

English: a latex
Bahasa Malaysia: susu getah


poya'

English: free
Bahasa Malaysia: luang


poyank

English: a pangium edule
Bahasa Malaysia: kepayang


poyoh

English: a platform on top of a fireplace to store firewood
Bahasa Malaysia: pelantar simpanan kayu api


prasank

English: a small basket - This basket was often used as a measuring instrument to facilitate barter trading. The pasu is the smallest basket followed by the prasank, gatang and the ombunk which is the biggest measure. Back in the day, a prasank of paddy can buy you an adolescent chicken.
Bahasa Malaysia: bakul kecil


pratuonk

English: a bamboo musical instrument
Bahasa Malaysia: ketong


prosih

English: a fee
Bahasa Malaysia: pengeras


puak

English: fat
Bahasa Malaysia: lemak


puak oyuo'

English: lard
Bahasa Malaysia: lemak babi


puank puank

English: bobbling in water
Bahasa Malaysia: terapung apung


puas

English: satisfied
Bahasa Malaysia: puas


puas pusont

English: very satisfied
Bahasa Malaysia: sangat puas


puat

English: to transport
Bahasa Malaysia: hantar


pula’

English: go out (light)
Bahasa Malaysia: padam


pulu'

English: a tenth
Bahasa Malaysia: puluh


puluoh

English: to plant
Bahasa Malaysia: menanam


pulut

English: sweet rice
Bahasa Malaysia: pulut


punduok

English: back
Bahasa Malaysia: belakang


punggu'

English: a hill
Bahasa Malaysia: bukit


puni

English: a bird
Bahasa Malaysia: punai


punuo'

English: full
Bahasa Malaysia: penuh


punuon

English: be in a quandary
Bahasa Malaysia: kempunan


puot

English: an odour
Bahasa Malaysia: bau


puot mun eh pula’

English: the light is extinguished/it went out
Bahasa Malaysia: terpadam


pusa

English: martial art
Bahasa Malaysia: silat


pusar

English: a propeller
Bahasa Malaysia: kipas


pusat mimiet

English: very pale
Bahasa Malaysia: pucat lesi


putiek

English: sunshine
Bahasa Malaysia: sinaran matahari


putiek bidosing bongoh

English: The sun is blazing hot.
Bahasa Malaysia: sinaran matahari tersangat panas


puus

English: dare
Bahasa Malaysia: berani